Voices

Introduction

Voice:-  Voice is that form of the verb which shows whether the subject does the activity or has the activity been done to the subject.

Kinds of Voice:- 

Active Voice:- A verb is said to be in the active voice when its form shows that the person or thing denoted as the subject does the activity.

Ex:- The peon opened the gate. 

Passive Voice:- A verb is said to be in the passive voice when its the form shows that the activity is done to the person or thing denoted as the subject.

Ex:- The gate was opened by the peon.

Conversion of Active into Passive Voice

Conversion of Active into Passive Voice:- 

Step1:- Use the subject of the Active Voice as the object and the object of the Active Voice as the subject.

Step2:- Always use the third form of the verb in the passive voice.

Step3:- Put preposition 'by' after the third form of the verb.

Step4:- Helping verbs in the passive voice:-

  • Present Indefinite Tense-is/am/are
  • Present Continuous Tense-is/am/ are+ being
  • Present Perfect Tense-has/have + been
  • Past Indefinite Tense-was/were
  • Past Continuous Tense- was/were + being
  • Past Perfect Tense-had +been
  • Future Indefinite Tense-will/shall+ be
  • Future Perfect Tense-willshall. + have been

Change the subject of the Active Voice into the object of the pronoun

Change the subject of the Active Voice into the object of the pronoun:-

Ex:-

   I     me
   We     us
   You     you
   They     them
   He     him
   She     her
   Who     by  whom

Note:-  The passive form of the Future Continuous Tense and Perfect Continuous Tense is not used.